Cricket Technology || کرکٹ ٹیکنالوجی is a relatively established sport, therefore changes to the arena and laws are rarely done arbitrarily. Technology has been incorporated into sports in many different ways. The promise of using technology to enhance the game for the players, umpires, and spectators has thankfully not been wholly rejected by cricket.
Cricket Technology || کرکٹ ٹیکنالوجی currently incorporates several of the most recent technical advances, such as judgement reviews for catches, LBW no balls, and run-outs. Although the ICC has traditionally been cautious about incorporating game-changing technology that might have an impact on players and spectators, there have been several occasions where it has been refused, such as the use of aluminum cricket bats.
In international cricket matches, a third umpire has been utilized in addition to the two on-field officials. The third umpire, who is similarly qualified, is seated off the ground and can view TV replays of specific events (like contested catches and boundaries) in order to make decisions.
help the central umpires. While on the pitch, the two umpires are connected wirelessly to one another. Making run out decisions is another duty assigned to the third umpire, who does it without contacting the other two central umpires and instead uses video replay.
Decision Review System (DRS)
Cricket Technology has adopted an umpire referral system that is comparable to that of other international sports in select international matches. The first time such a method was used was in 2008 (during a Test series between India and Sri Lanka). In contrast to tennis, where the decision is determined with obvious hawke-eye technology, the third umpire in cricket makes the verdict on a challenge and referral, which is subject to further error. This was how it worked when it was first introduced, though how it works in practise may change over time.
Players have the option to request that decisions made by on-field umpires be appealed to the TV official. In the Test, each team has the power to challenge any rulings, but they are limited to a total of three unsuccessful challenges per inning. Only the batters or fielding side captain who were the focus of the umpire’s initial decision are qualified to appeal. They must raise both forearms to shoulder height and form a ‘T’ sign. Using hot spot technology and slow-motion replays recorded from multiple angles, the third umpire gathers information and renders judgements.
The umpires are under pressure, but the players and viewers at home think it’s great. The process frequently takes too long in practice and can obstruct gameplay. Players frequently make useless challenges near the end of an inning when teams still have challenges to make in the aim of getting a decision reversed. Cricket has greatly benefited from the referral system, but there are still certain problems that need to be fixed.
Ball Tracking Systems in Cricket
Cricket was the first sport to adopt ball tracking technology called Hawk-eye. It can determine if a player was out by a long-ball wicket (LBW) by tracking the trajectory of a cricket ball with a claimed accuracy of 5 mm. A rival system called Virtual Eye, often known as Eagle-Eye, has lately started to provide a similar service. The earliest application of Virtual Eye was tracking sailing events.
The ball tracking system makes use of six or more computer-linked cameras that are positioned all over the cricket playing field. The computer can monitor the cricket ball’s journey on each camera in real-time by reading the video. Through the combination of these many perspectives, a precise 3D representation of the ball’s trajectory is produced.
The Hawk-eye system was unveiled in 2001. Tennis officials now use it to aid in making close line calls. It all started with television coverage of sporting events like Test cricket. Virtual Eye, formerly known as Eagle-Eye, was initially used in 2010 for the Ashes series.
A ball tracking device was first used on April 21, 2001, at Lord’s Cricket Ground, during a Test match between Pakistan and England that Channel 4 broadcast on television. Since then, it has developed into an essential tool for cricket commentators all over the world. Most broadcast networks use it to follow the ball’s trajectory, mostly to assist the umpire in making leg before wicket decisions.
Hawk-Eye can predict the ball’s anticipated forward trajectory through the batsman’s legs to determine whether the ball would have hit the wicket in LBW rulings. In addition to informing TV viewers and making LBW determinations, the third umpire uses technology.
The cricket Snick meter or snick was developed by English computer scientist Allan Placket in the middle of the 1990s. In the UK, Channel 4 used snick meter technology for the first time in 1999. Australia and India later adopted the method.
A highly sensitive microphone is placed in one of the stumps, and an oscilloscope that monitors sound waves makes up the snick meter. The sounds created when the ball nicks the bat will be captured on the oscilloscope trace. A fast-moving camera captures the ball as it simultaneously passes the bat. By contrasting the oscilloscope trace with a slow-motion video of the ball passing the bat, it is possible to determine from the sound wave shape whether or not the noise made by the microphone coincides with the ball passing the bat and whether it sounds as though the bat is hitting the ball or another object
Ball Spin RPM – Starting with the 2013 Ashes series TV coverage, Sky Sports was able to show an RPM counter, which showed how swiftly the ball was spinning after release. How this is measured is uncertain, but it would require a high-speed camera focused on the ball, possibly utilizing the same images that are taken for the Hawkeye system.
Hot Spot technology is typically used when there is a little nick to verify whether the bat actually made contact with the ball. If there is contact, the bat’s changes in that region indicate that only a little heat was produced. Two infrared cameras are used by Hot Spot, and they are placed at either end of the surface. When a ball impacts a pad, a bat strikes a ball, the ground, or a glove, these cameras detect and measure the heat that is produced.
produced by friction. A succession of negative black-and-white frames are created into a computer using a subtraction technique to pinpoint the exact location of the ball’s point of impact. There is debate surrounding the 2012 UK Ashes series, which casts question on HotStat’s veracity.
Front-foot Technology: The third umpire keeps track of the bowlers’ landing foot after each ball and notifies their on-field counterparts if the delivery was lawful. They used to do this after each wicket, but modern technology is fast and precise enough to do it after every ball.
Cricket is a sport with a long history. It is not done lightly to amend laws that have been in force for a long period. Here are a few more technology-related applications in addition to those that were previously discussed
Give the umpires rapid feedback regarding whether a front foot no ball has been made using immediate no ball calls. It would be simple to implement technology that, like in tennis for let or fault calls, beeps at the umpire if the bowler crosses the popping crease. This will allow the umpire to concentrate on what the batsman and fielders are doing instead of being distracted and gazing down while the bowler delivers the ball
No Balls for Chucking – While it can be challenging to keep track of each bowling delivery during a competition for bent arm throwing, new technology is being developed that might be used for this purpose. Before, any player who was accused of using an illegal bowling motion had to submit their motion to a 3D biomechanical study in a lab. To check a bowler’s action during games to detect if they are bending their arm too much during the bowling delivery, new equipment utilizing inertial sensors is being developed. Similar technology is employed by inertial sensors and mobile phones. These sensors will be small, affordable, and wearable on the bowler’s arm, and most importantly, they won’t interfere with their ability to bowl while still providing information.
Other Technology and Rule Change Ideas
⦁ visor cameras
⦁ using lasers to support tactical decisions.
⦁ sensors in the bails and the boundary rope are used to assess whether a batsman has been out or has struck a four.
⦁ decision-making regarding near catching is done using a stump camera.
⦁ Players that persistently break the rules can be removed from the game using yellow and red cards.
⦁ Utilizing technology to determine how far the ball travelled (for instance, how far a six is hit)
⦁ The infield and outfield are painted using biodegradable paint.