Launch of a Russian cargo || ایک روسی کارگو کا آغاز

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Launch of a Russian cargo || ایک روسی کارگو کا آغاز
The Progress MS-23 cargo ship and a Soyuz-2.1a rocket take off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Wednesday. Source: Roscosmos

Launch of a Russian cargo || ایک روسی کارگو کا آغاز The International Space Station is receiving more than 2.7 tones of fuel, food, experiments, and supplies thanks to the launch of Russia’s Progress MS-23 cargo barge on Wednesday from Kazakhstan.

In a remote area of Kazakhstan east of the Aral Sea, around 8:56:07 a.m. EDT (1256:07 UTC), the Progress MS-23 supply ship launched from the Site 31 launch complex at Baikonur. The Progress MS-23 spacecraft and its Soyuz rocket were transported to the launch pad on Sunday by Russian ground crews in Baikonur, who then hoisted the launcher vertically to complete mission preparations.

In the last hours leading up to launch, which was scheduled for 5:56 p.m. local time at the spaceport in Central Asia, the Soyuz team loaded liquid oxygen and kerosene propellants into the three-stage rocket.

After taking off, the Soyuz 2.1a rocket moved northeast to align with the course of the space station. About two minutes into the mission, the rocket let go of its four liquid-fueled boosters. Soon after, the Progress MS-23 spacecraft’s aerodynamic shroud was discarded. Nearly five minutes after launch, the Soyuz core stage separated. About nine minutes into the flight, a third stage engine fired to complete the process of sending the cargo ship into orbit.

Launch of a Russian cargo || ایک روسی کارگو کا آغاز The Progress supply ship detach from the rocket, unfold its solar arrays, and deploy its navigation antennas before starting a series of engine firings to modify its orbit so that it aligns with the space station’s. The cargo freighter docked with the Poise module on the Russian portion of the space station after a radar-guided rendezvous. At 12:19 EDT 16:19 UTC the Poise module was docked.

Hatches on the lab’s seven-person crew of Russian cosmonauts will be opened to start unpacking goods from the Progress spacecraft’s pressurized compartment. The mission is called Progress 84P, and this is the 84th Progress cargo ship to launch to the space station.

A few hours prior to launch, Russian managers convened to authorize the loading of liquid oxygen and kerosene propellants into the Soyuz rocket. In the final hour of the countdown, the launch pad’s gantry arms withdrew away from the rocket, and ground crews in Baikonur put the launch key into a control panel just six minutes before liftoff.

About two and a half minutes before liftoff, the launcher’s propellant tanks started to pressurize, and the core stage’s and strap-on boosters’ engines fired and ramped up to full power, launching the Soyuz with more than 900,000 pounds of thrust.

According to Russia’s space agency, the Progress MS-22 cargo ship delivers supplies and fuel to the space station in 5,492 pounds (2,491 kilograms) total. Here is how the cargo manifest is broken down:

  • Dry cargo weighing 3,399 pounds (1,542 kilograms)
  • liquid propellant weighing 1,080 pounds (490 kilograms) to replenish the Zvezda service module.
  • Fresh water weighing 926 pounds (420 kilograms).
  • 88 pounds (40 kilograms) of nitrogen to top out the atmosphere of the station.
Launch of a Russian cargo
At the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the Progress MS-23 supply ship of Russia is getting ready to be enclosed inside the Soyuz launch vehicle’s payload shroud. Source: Roscosmos

Medical supplies, experiments, and food for the crew of the space station are all included in the dry cargo. The Russian supply ship could also enhance the station’s orbital altitude and do any necessary burns to direct the complex away from space debris.

An additional piece of technology on board the Progress MS-23 cargo ship is a nanosatellite created by students at Bauman Moscow State Technical University. The tiny spacecraft will be launched into orbit by a cosmonaut during a future spacewalk outside the station. It is intended to test solar sail deployment technology.

A television system for viewing the Earth’s surface was also sent as part of the cargo mission as part of Russia’s Uragan experiment, which monitors changes in the globe caused by both natural and man-made disasters. Additionally, a scientific glove box and tools for biomedical studies were aboard the Progress spacecraft.


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