Smart Clothing that track physical activity have become popular, and digital behemoths Samsung and Google are continuing to invest in the development of futuristic apparel and accessories. They also serve as a model for leaders in technology, the fashion sector, and the light industry. The e-textile and smart clothing industries, which debuted in 2015, are currently doing some interesting trials. Clearly, it is no longer sufficient for daily attire to show one’s personality, be comfortable to wear, or adhere to accepted aesthetic standards. Tracking physiological activity, documenting changes, and archiving medical data provide new difficulties. It can also occasionally be used to notify others, encourage health, or request assistance.
Technology-enhanced clothing, footwear, or accessories have greater functionality than typical. Smart clothing refers to high-tech apparel, electronics, or smart textiles. E-clothing is another name for this subcategory of apparel. The majority of these clothes are constructed from sophisticated textiles that incorporate sensors or microchips that gather biometric information about the wearer’s body’s state and changes over time. The information is transmitted to the smart device’s artificial intelligence applications using Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Such cutting-edge apparel is already being developed by well-known fashion brands like Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger, Under Armour, Levi’s, and others. Let’s examine how contemporary smart apparel and accessories might improve your health.
Monitor bodily activity
It is simple to find cutting-edge sportswear with electronic sensors integrated in to monitor respiration, joint motions, and heart rate. These clothes are elegant, wearable, and useful; they can be folded, machine-washed, or even ironed. A digital fibre that can sense, store, and analyse human body characteristics as well as track physiological processes has been created by MIT scientists. The additional layer of microscopic digital mesh that is stitched onto clothing does not add weight to the textiles and may be folded, washed, and ironed.
For instance, this fabric can track body temperature when it is positioned under the sleeve of a garment. The study used a smart microfibre shirt to track body temperature for 270 minutes as participants engaged in various physical activities. The activity of the person wearing the shirt was subsequently determined by the smart fibre with a 96% accuracy. Digital fabrics can notify the wearer to changes in health, like breathing or irregular heartbeats, in addition to gathering a wide range of data on body activity.
The Komodo AIO smart sleeve, which uses ECG technology to monitor heart rhythm activity, is one of the breakthroughs that are well known in today’s market. It monitors sleep and exercise intensity in addition to providing precise heart rate information. The smart module is fitted with sensors that can measure UV radiation, air quality, and body temperature. The AIO start-up has high aims, such as measuring stress levels and detecting cardiac illness, even though at first appearance it appears to be a toy for exercise enthusiasts.
Similar smart sensors may be found in the Hexoskin T-shirt, which collect information on the intensity of physical activity, calories burned, level of weariness, and sleep quality. Another smart T-shirt, called Ambiotex, detects heart rate, stress levels, and aerobic data. It is made for runners, cyclists, fitness fanatics, and other professionals. Embedded sensors in the clothing collect data that can be viewed, saved, and analysed via a smartphone app to help you plan out your workouts and recuperate from them effectively.
Protect and call for help
The smart apparel was created by Purdue University researchers in the US and is wirelessly powered by a flexible, ultra-thin spool of silk that is sewed into a fabric. These clothes are nearly stain-proof and water-resistant due to their hydrophobic coating. Yet, it can be machine washed if necessary because the electronic components are protected from water by the novel impregnated fabric. These clothes are just as stretchy, breathable, and flexible as a regular cotton T-shirt. Their unique function allows you to track and store your health data, boost productivity, and ask for assistance in case of a medical emergency during severe exercise or an accident. They link to your smart device.
Also, there is a push to make baby health-monitoring apparel widespread. A variety of highly unfavourable occurrences can be prevented by carefully monitoring the delicate body. Newborns’ oxygen levels and heart rates are monitored via Owlet smart socks. To ensure that the baby’s sleep and breathing are not disrupted while wearing the socks, the maker used pulse oximetry technology, which is also used in hospitals. The tool gives real-time data and syncs with your smartphone. It can also be connected to the Owlet Connected Care platform, which aids in the detection of potential health issues like bronchiolitis, pneumonia, chronic lung diseases, heart defects, and sleep disturbances.
Foot and leg health issues can already be helped by orthotic and massage footwear. But have you heard of such socks? Siren smart socks, which are made to shield diabetics’ feet from harm, also contain protective qualities. Microsensors sewn into the fabric of Siren diabetic socks measure the foot’s temperature at 6 separate locations, providing continuous temperature monitoring. An alarm is delivered to the user’s smartphone when the sensors find an increase in heat, or inflammation. Diabetics suffering from nerve damage often have numbness in their legs, and the sensations that signal inflammation are ignored or not felt, often leading to amputations. Siren socks are a practical deterrent against this, as a result.
Also, there are universal socks that may be used to measure distance, height, walking speed, and steps. One of the top smart devices available today, Sensoria socks offer the advantage of being able to identify improper, risky, or perhaps harmful running techniques. Smart socks can tell which area of the foot is being stressed the most when you’re running, allowing you to modify your stride.
Moreover, the Nadi X yoga pants have haptic sensors that alert the user when a stance needs to be adjusted. The smart clothing gently vibrates the body portion that has to be altered via haptic feedback. The hips, knees, and ankles are gently pulsated by sensitive vibrations built into the device, helping the athlete to move and maintain optimal postures. The yoga pants connect to your smartphone through Bluetooth, and the app offers tips on how to get the most out of each pose. The battery, which is attached at the bend of the left knee, can be removed before washing this item.
Light and heat effect
Perhaps it is no longer shocking to see clothing designed by chemists and biochemists that regulates heat loss in response to air temperature and wearer-required warmth. When a person is hot, the fabric opens to allow in more air; when they are cold, the fabric closes to create a thermal block Smart clothing keeps an eye on the body’s state and changes how warm or cold it feels to protect or ventilate. These outfits are frequently used by field workers, athletes, and military.
Creative product designers are still experimenting with the impacts of light and heat. For instance, the intelligent Under Armour Athlete Recovery Sleepwear emits infrared light while absorbing heat from the wearer’s body. All of this is done to improve the quality of sleep and to help muscles that were used all day recuperate. The business also sells a whole range of apparel that emits heat onto the skin of the wearer by absorbing heat from the body. Infrared light, which is produced when body heat is converted, has been scientifically proven to be significant and advantageous for the human body.
For the majority, the existence of textiles that block dangerous UV radiation is no longer a surprise. But, a garment that can replenish dry, parched skin with moisturising, regenerative ingredients is much more intriguing. For instance, the T-shirts and scarves in Buki’s limited edition line include collagen and peptides to moisturise, smooth, and shield the skin from damaging environmental effects. In contrast, Monsson Blooms sells clothing made from organic cotton that contains Ayurvedic herbs.